Any of the following can cause cerebral palsy:
- Random mutations in genes that control brain development
Maternal infections that affect the developing fetus
Fetal stroke, a disruption of blood supply to the developing brain
Lack of oxygen to the brain (asphyxia) related to difficult labor or delivery
Infant infections that cause inflammation in or around the brain
Traumatic head injury to an infant from a motor vehicle accident, fall, or child abuse
A cerebral palsy diagnosis can be delayed for a number of reasons including milder symptoms or missed signs of developmental delay. Cerebral palsy affects the part of the brain that deals with muscles so, typically, symptoms are related to movement, including speech.
For more information on developmental milestones your child should reach by 4 and 5 years old as well as resources about special education, please visit Developmental Milestones Four to Five Years at http://www.cpfamilynetwork.org/cerebral-palsy-articles/cerebral-palsy-news-developmental-milestones-four-to-five-years.